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Energy Resources











Approved by Schoolzone's team of independent education reviewers


What do I need to know?

"Energy Resources" is NOT the same thing as "Types of energy".

"Types of energy" means "kinetic energy", "chemical energy" and so forth.

"Energy Resources" is about ways of getting energy so we can generate electrical power.

For Science GCSE, you'll need to know:-

  • the names of the energy resources in these pages
  • how each one works
  • the advantages & disadvantages of each
  • which ones are renewable

Each page has a summary and a quiz for you to try.
But I hope you'll learn a lot more than just that!
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Most of the Earth's energy comes from the Sun

Solar Panels
Solar power, that's obvious, but the energy in coal originally came from the Sun too.
Prehistoric plants stored the Sun's energy in their leaves, and when they died and eventually formed coal seams, that energy was still there.
So when we burn coal (or any fossil fuel), we're releasing chemical energy that was stored in plants millions of years ago.

The same goes for Wind and Wave power. Waves occur because of winds, and winds blow because the Sun warms our atmosphere. Warm air tends to rise, and winds are due to other air moving in to replace it.

Most power stations burn coal, oil or natural gas to run the generators. Others use uranium, or the flow of water. Electricity is sent around the country using high-voltage power lines. Nearly all of the power we use comes from large power stations, although some places such as isolated farms, or hospitals, have their own diesel generators.

High voltage power lines.  (c)

There are many power stations in England. Which types? Where?
Find out at

Why is everyone so angry about generating energy?
What's the "least worst" option"
See this BBC News article

Home page Summary
Home page quiz

Stuff To Do  these open in popup window. You can also get to them using the menu on each page.

Online Quizzes     
Main quiz Hydroelectric power quiz
Key Stage 3 worksheet::
Word   PDF
Home page quiz Pumped storage quiz
GCSE Foundation worksheet:
Word   PDF
Fossil Fuel quiz Wave power quiz
Nuclear power worksheet:
Word   PDF
Nuclear power quiz Geothermal power quiz
Geothermal worksheet: 
Word   PDF
Solar power quiz Biomass quiz
Wind power quiz Biogas quiz
Exam-style questions: 
Word   PDF
Tidal power quiz Biofuel quiz

Want to find out more? Visit for information about energy resources, where to get grants to install them at home.

Want to see how it's done at home?
Visit to see what one couple are installing. Wind generators, solar panels, a range of solar-powered products - extensive information on energy types and energy consumption
  Want to understand your bills? Visit
  Discuss alternative energy issues at Alternative Energy Blog by James Wilson for information about alternative energy Alternative energy news

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Created by Andy Darvill,
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        Can't see the menu? Try these text links:
Home  Fossil Fuels   Nuclear Power   Solar Power   Wind Power   Tidal Power   Hydroelectric Power   Pumped Storage   Wave Power   Geothermal Power
Biomass   Biogas   Other Biofuels         See also "Stuff to do" on the home page.
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